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The History of Cinema: 1914

 

 

 

 

 

     
   

Austria-Hungary - Germany

     
   

The Mysterious X (Denmark, 1913)

     
     
   

Austria-Hungary 

     
  16/8 -

The government bans all films made by enemy countries, and decrees that only patriotic films are to be shown. [ADD]

     
  30/9 -

Film companies compete for the sale of newsreel footage of the Great War. [ADD]

     
     
     
   

Belgium

     
    Alfred Machin
     
  1/5 -

Alfred Machin’s Maudit soit la guerre is released in Belgium after being held back by Pathe because of fears over public reaction to its pacifist message. [ADD]

     
  14/11 -

German director Stellan Rye dies in a French hospital in Flanders after being wounded during the fighting at Ypres. [ADD]

     
     
     
    Canada
     
  2/2 -

The country’s first feature film, Evangeline, directed by William Cavanaugh and Edward P. Sullivan, is released by the Canadian Bioscope Company. [ADD]

     
     
     
    China
     
    – Chinese cinema declines due to a shortage of film stock as a result of the Great War. [ADD]
     
     
     
    Denmark 
     
  23/3 -

Benjamin Christensen's first production is released.   He stars in the leading role of The Mysterious X after giving up stage acting due to extreme stage fright. [ADD]

     
  24/4 -

Forest Holger-Madsen’s Opiumsdrommen (Opium Dreams) is released. [ADD]

     
   

Nordisk’s output increases to over 140 fiction films and almost 50 non-fiction films during the year. [ADD]

     
     
 
    Estonia 
     
    Karujaht Parnumaal (1914)
     
  26/2 - Estonia's first fiction film, Karujaht Parnumaal, is released.   It is filmed by Johannes Paasuke.   [ADD]
     
     
   
    Finland
   
  Spring - Lyyra Filmi produce the country’s first cinema newsreels. [ADD]
     
     
     
    France 
     
    Maurice Tourneur
     
  2/1 -

Le Systeme du Dr Goudron et du Professeur Plume, former actor Maurice Tourneur’s directorial debut, is released. [ADD]

     
  27/2 -

The first issue of Andre Herze and Georges Quellien’s Le Film is published. [ADD]

     
    Sarah Bernhardt
     
  29/3 -

Sarah Bernhardt turns down the opportunity to appear in Abel Gance’s La Victoire de Samothrace.   Gance never makes the film and Bernhardt stars in Adrienne Lecouvrer instead.  [ADD]

     
  18/4 -

Various cinema organisations publish leaflets protesting against the cinema tax approved by the Chamber of Deputies on the 23rd March. [ADD]

     
  3/6 -

A commemorative monument to Etienne-Jules Marey, a pioneer of cinematography, is unveiled in Paris by Raymond Poincare. [ADD]

     
    Andre Antoine
     
  1/7 -

The director Andre Antoine signs for Pathe. [ADD]

     
  25/8 -

Abel Gance acts as stretcher-bearer after being exempted from military service due to poor health. [ADD]

     
     
     
   

Germany 

     
  Oct -

Oskar Messter’s weekly newsreel, Messter-Woche, begins. [ADD]

     
    Emil Jannings
     
   

Emil Jannings makes his film debut in Im Schutzengraben (In the Trenches). [ADD]

     
   

Erich Pommer founds Decla (Deutsche Eclair) after the outbreak of war in Europe means he can no longer continue as Eclair’s Central European representative. [ADD]

     
     
     
     
   

Other Key Films of 1914

     
    Bulgaria
     
   

Such is War [ADD]

     
     
     
    Chile
     
   

The Life of General Rafael Uribe (Di Domenico Brothers) [ADD]

     
     
     
    France
     
   

Bout-de-Zan series (Louis Feuillade) [ADD]

     
   

Le Calvaire (Louis Feuillade) [ADD]

     
   

Ceux de chez nous (Sacha Guitry) [ADD]

     
   

Les Quatre-vingt-treize (Albert Capellani) [ADD]

     
   

Napoleon: du sacre a Saint-Helene (Alfred Machin) [ADD]

     
     
     
    Germany
     
    Engeleins Hochzeit (1914)
     
   

Engeleins Hochzeit (Urban Gad) [ADD]

     
   

Vordertreppe und Hintertreppe (Urban Gad) [ADD]

     
     
     
    Gt. Britain - Turkey
     
    USA: January-June
     
    USA: July-December
     
     
     
     
     

 

1913

1914: Gt. Britain - Turkey

1914: USA January-June

1914: USA July-December

1915

 

 

 

 

 

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